about ultrasound findings of post-traumatic ulnar nerve subluxation
This is the case of a direct blow to a flexed elbow. The X-ray and Mri exams show a condylarfracture of the humerus, with a partial cortical bone detachment; a gross joint capsule distension is also evident.
Coronal Xbone-T1w Mri scan (0.3 Tesla) and Plain Radiography.
Coronal Stir (left) and T1w (right) Mri scans of the same patient (0.3 Tesla).
Why ultrasound in this case? Because after 1 month the patient feels pain on the posterior-medial aspect of the elbow, especially during the flexion-extension active movement, with distal pain irradiation to the forearm.
The dynamic ultrasound exam better depicts the clinical picture of a post-traumatic ulnar nerve subluxation at the sulcus ulnaris, togheter with a gross joint synovitis.
Axial T2w (left) and Stir (right) Mri scans of the same patient (0.3 Tesla).
about ultrasound findings of complete detachment of medial gastrocnemius
In case of major traumas in the calf region, a reminder of its intrinsic anatomy is necessary; I suggest you to read an interesting paper in which all of the tirceps surae anatomical structures are perfectly depicted. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25456712
Today I show you the case of a complete detachment of the medial gastrocnemius, togheter with the total rupture of the the so-called intramuscular aponeurosis of the soleus.
Axial T2w (left) and Stir (right) Mri scans (0.3 Tesla)
The Mri images show a gross fluid collection in the aponeurotic space between medial gastrocnemius and soleus muscle; I always perform the ultrasound dynamic examination, both in the acute phase and especially during resting period. The elastosonography study is also useful in the monitoring of the fluid collection evolution.
The elastosonography study is also useful in the monitoring of the fluid collection evolution.
About dynamic msk imaging modalities in the study of post-traumatic metacarpal fracture
Acute 4th metacarpal spiroid fracture of a professional football goalkeeper; first diagnosis was made directly on pitch with an ultrasound examination. Plain radiographs and Mri exam were performed just one hour after trauma.
One month after surgical fixation the fracture is studied with dynamic US, Mri and Cone-Beam CT imaging. The US and MR dynamic evaluations, show a regular tendon sliding over the fixation devices.
No metal-induced artifacts were seen, allowing a perfect visualization of the implanted devices.
Cone-Beam CT Sagittal (left) and Coronal (right) reconstructions.
The study was completed with dynamic Mri (0.3 Tesla) and Cone-Beam CT scans, performed with active flexion-extension of carpal-metacarpal joint structures.
about dynamic ultrasound and mri evaluation of partial patellar tendon tear
Today I show you the case of a partial tear at proximal insertion of the patellar tendon in a professional football player. The patient refears pain during flexion-extension at inferior patellar pole; hystory of repetitive trauma as usual in football players.
about dynamic mri and ultrasound examination of carpal instability
In my previous post Dynamic Evaluation of Dorsal Scapholunate Ligament I showed the usefulness of both ultrasound and Mri dynamic evaluation in the study of this important ligament structure. Today I want to show you the dorsal scapholunate ligament (SL) tear in a patient that came to my observation after a regular healing of post-traumatic scaphoid fracture.
Coronal Stir (left) and T1w (right) Mri scans (0.3 Tesla): correct visualization with no artifacts of post-surgical treatment with scaphoid screw. Tear of the dorsal scapholunate ligament is evident (red arrow).
For the appropriate treatment is crucial to see also the dynamic behaviour of this kind of injuries. I always perform both ultrasound and Mri dynamic evaluation in these cases.
The dynamic ultrasound exam shows the post-traumatic carpal instability; dorsal SL tear is evident, togheter with the scapholunate dissociation and DISI picture.
The Dynamic Mri evaluation (0.3 Tesla) during flexion-extension and ulnar-radial deviation confirms the clinical picture, better defining all the pathologic findings. The radiology technician plays a crucial role for this kind of examination, explaining to the patient the correct wrist movement during the Mri acquisitions.