About

I believe in a kind of imaging more functionally oriented than descriptive. As a dedicated musculoskeletal radiologist I can use all of the modalities capable of making the best diagnosis, but I think that a dynamic ultrasound examination is crucial in some conditions. Try to think about a rubber band; if you take a picture of it in a static condition it might seem to be perfect, but what happens if you stretch it? The same thing happens with muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints. I always believe that ultrasound imaging is also dynamic for the operator itself, he must be there, here and now, never stop thinking about it. It is a sort of “mindfullness exercise”. This might make the difference in searching  “the sweet spot”
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in diagnostic imaging, that means finding the right way to make the right diagnosis. The patient is at the center of everything and all of the imaging modalities around. That is why I suggest to “pure sonographers” to have two good travelmates in this sort of journey: a good radiologist and a good clinician (orthopaedics, phyisiathrics, sport-medicine physician). During my teaching courses around the world, students often ask me what is needed to start ultrasound practice. I always answer in the same way: anatomy, anatomy, and again anatomy, in all of its modalities; essential, surgical, ultrasound, mri, xray, ct anatomy. I also always suggest to non-radiologists sonographers, to study a good Mri anatomy atlas; it contains the same scans of ultrasound imaging, but with better spatial definition. Firstly knowing the limits of ultrasound imaging, is another crucial point. I am not talking about the overestimated “operator dependence” problem; does any kind of activity not potentially influenced by the operator exists? Sun Tzu in “The Art of War” said:”“If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not to fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.” At the same time knowing both the limits of ultrasound and the characteristics of all the pathologies we want to discriminate, can make the difference in making the correct diagnosis.  Studying ultrasound imaging might act as the perfect stimulus to begin a journey in the beautiful musculoskeletal diagnostic imaging world. But pay attention, because neither a course nor  congress or a book may teach you what you need to make the perfect diagnosis, if you miss the basic ingredients: the desire of knowing, passion for learning and for your job. Ask to yourself why you are interested in ultrasound imaging. Using again a quote from a famous past film I want to remind you: ” Walk left side, safe. Walk right side, safe. Walk middle, sooner or later, get squashed just like a grape. Here, ultrasound, same thing. Either learning ultrasound imaging, or not learning ultrasound imaging, is safe. If you learn ultrasound imaging “so and so”, you will get squashed just like a grape”. Understood?

 

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Recent Posts

Partial Strain of Adductor Brevis: Thermography, Ultrasound​, ​and MRI study.

about a combined diagnostic approach of muscle injuries using thermography, ultrasound, and MRI exams.

Pain and discomfort in the adductor region of the left thigh immediately after a football match in a professional player. Using thermography, asymmetric distribution of the skin temperature is evident in that site.

I always suggest to execute both MRI and ultrasound examinations; in this case, you can see how it is useful to have a portable device, it allows you to make a preliminary diagnosis before the MRI study and indeed, to observe the follow up of muscle injury directly at the sports center where the team train every day.

The dynamic ultrasound examination shows diffuse muscular edema with a partial tear of the left adductor brevis.adductorBrevisThe perfect combination of all of these imaging procedures is crucial to better plan the recovery period.

8 days after recovery and physiotherapy period that is the situation on MRI exam. Untitled.001The thermography exam shows a better situation but still remains an asymmetric distribution of the skin temperature.final.001

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